Specifically, the emission target for each point of GDP growth above or below forecast is raised or reduced by an equivalent amount. The reported emissions adjustment may be somewhat less proportionate. This proposal would require countries that work a little better than expected to contribute more than those that are not, by again maintaining the principle of progressivity without excessively punishing them for their success. The Dutch government is doing many things to prevent climate change. Targets and measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the Netherlands are defined and agreed upon in the Climate Act and the National Climate Agreement. But others provide for the most sensible climate measures outside the Paris agreement. Some experts are calling for the creation of a climate club – an idea advocated by Yale University economist William Nordhaus – that would penalize countries that fail to live up to their commitments or join. Others propose new contracts [PDF] applicable to certain programs or sectors that complement the Paris Agreement. Since the Kyoto Protocol came into force, the Clean Development Mechanism has been criticized because, in most cases, it has not brought significant emission reductions or benefits for sustainable development.
 It has also suffered from low prices from Certified Emission Reductions (REFs), which has reduced project demand. These criticisms have motivated the recommendations of various interest groups who, through working groups and reports, have provided new elements that they hope to see in the MDS that will support their success.  Details of the governance structure, the terms of the project proposal and the comprehensive approach should be detailed at the conference of the parties to be held in Marrakech in 2016. [must update] At the 2011 UN Climate Change Conference, the Durban Platform (and the ad hoc working group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action) were created to negotiate a legal instrument to mitigate climate change from 2020. The resulting agreement is expected to be adopted in 2015.  On August 4, 2017, the Trump administration formally communicated to the United Nations that the United States intends to withdraw from the Paris Agreement as soon as it is legally entitled to do so.  The formal declaration of resignation could not be submitted until after the agreement for the United States came into force on November 4, 2019 for a three-year date.   On November 4, 2019, the U.S. government filed the withdrawal notice with the Secretary-General of the United Nations, custodian of the agreement, and formally withdrew from the Paris Agreement a year later, when the withdrawal came into effect.  After the November 2020 elections, President-elect Joe Biden promised to reinstate the United States in the Paris Agreement for his first day in office and renew the U.S. commitment to climate change mitigation.   Adaptation issues have been at the forefront of the paris agreement.
Collective long-term adaptation objectives are included in the agreement and countries must be accountable for their adaptation measures, making adaptation a parallel element of the mitigation agreement.  Adaptation objectives focus on improving adaptive capacity, resilience and vulnerability limitation.  b) increase the capacity to adapt to the negative effects of climate change and promote climate resilience and the development of low greenhouse gas emissions, so as not to jeopardize food production; Scientists have been warning for years of the disastrous consequences for the environment if global temperatures continue to rise at the current rate. The average temperature of the earth has already risen by about 1oC above pre-industrial levels. In a 2018 special report, the IPCC predicted that without a drastic reduction in carbon emissions, the world will reach 1.5 degrees Celsius of warming between 2030 and 2052.