The main contractual terms and conditions used in gas sales contracts; Gas contracts can be divided into two approximate categories; Exhaustion and supply contracts. In addition, other types of contracts are available on the basis of market requirements, mainly short-term. Although many contracts are slightly different from the standard, each category has some guidelines. The main features of these gas contracts are listed below; (ii) oil prices. Generally very popular with buyers and sellers and widely used in gas sales contracts. They are acceptable to buyers because they are preferred by sellers, because the prices of petroleum products are closely linked to crude oil prices. Long-term gas sales contracts allow producers to develop isolated gas deposits and sell production to consumers who, in turn, use these resources for electricity, fertilizers and other industrial sectors. The higher the price of gas, the more likely a number of future economic circumstances are to put pressure on the seller`s income and/or the buyer`s facilities. Therefore, the main considerations that will be under consideration when negotiating a buyer`s contract will be to ensure sufficient flexibility to manage downstream demand, minimize commitments and ensure that gas supply is associated with market demand.
However, the seller must indicate the amount of gas to be supplied during the duration of the contract and how the buyer can limit flexibility and minimize his own risk of non-supply of gas. futures contracts that provide for the sale and purchase of gas for a fixed period and are generally considered to be short-term (one to five years) or long-term (often 20 years, but much longer); There are several standard forms contracts for physical (rather than fictitious) gas sales, which can guide the parties in choosing the terms and rationalization It is an important aspect of gas sales contracts that determines the amount of gas actually purchased and sold over a period of time. Without the promise of the buyer and seller to buy and deliver a minimum amount of gas, the mere signing of the contract does not guarantee any sale. Therefore, the supply of quantities in a contract becomes very important. The different phases of quantity fixing are: Make-up rights are usually limited in time (usually five years after the assumption or payment or during the duration of the contract). With regard to make-up rights, the buyer must generally comply with his purchase obligations for the current period before being allowed to receive gas in the form of make-up blocker gas. Although this is a common practice, there are no makeup rules unless the parties agree with them. This is the amount of gas that the buyer plans to absorb during a contract year.
It corresponds to the product of the multiplication of daily contracts Quantity applicable to the respective contract year by the number of days of the contract year.